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  Kata Biblon
Wiki Lexicon of the Greek New Testament

Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω

Lemma:‎ νηστεύω

Interlinear

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 World English Bible‎ / Wiki English Translation
Mt 6:16Ὅταν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅταν (ὅτε ἄν)
οταν
indecl
whenever
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet [postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
νηστεύητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νηστεύω (νηστευ-, νηστευ·σ-, νηστευ·σ-, νενηστευ·κ-, νενηστευ-, -)
νηστευ·ητε
pres act sub 2nd pl
to fast
, μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
γίνεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γιν·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
to become become; happen; be ("as a substitute for the forms of εἰμί" --BAGD)
{ ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just as Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
} οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ὑποκριταὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

ὑπο·κριτής, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ὑποκριταί
υποκριτ·αι
(mas) nom|voc pl
hypocrite dissembler; detractor, delator (informer); certator [αγωνισται=οι ὑποκριται (Hesyc.)];
σκυθρωποί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2 and 2-1-2)

σκυθρωπός (-ή) -όν
σκυθρωπ·οι
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl
gloomy
· ἀφανίζουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·φανίζω (αφανιζ-, αφανι(ε)·[σ]-/αφανι·σ-, αφανι·σ-, -, ηφανισ-, αφανισ·θ-)
αφανιζ·ουσι(ν), αφανιζ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to disappear/blot out [remove from sight/notice/existence; obscure]
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
πρόσωπα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
face Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
, ὅπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὅπως
οπως
indecl
how/so that Lit. contraction:"which-how". Often simplified: how/in-what-way. Sometimes rendered as a consequential-conjunction: "so-that", "in-order-that". But ????, since the conjunction, "ina" would unambiguously convey this
φανῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φαίνω (φαιν-, φαν(ε)·[σ]-, φαν·[σ]-, -, -, φαν·[θ]-)
φαν·[σ]ωσι(ν), φαν·[θ]ωσι(ν)
1aor act sub 3rd pl, aor θη sub 3rd pl
to appear look, shew, peer, seem, show
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἀνθρώποις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·οις
(mas) dat pl
man
νηστεύοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νηστεύω (νηστευ-, νηστευ·σ-, νηστευ·σ-, νενηστευ·κ-, νενηστευ-, -)
νηστευ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to fast
· ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen [faithful and true witness]
λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
to say speak, tell
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you
{ ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
♦ - } ἀπέχουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·έχω (απ+εχ-, αφ+εξ-, 2nd απο+σχ-, απ+εσχη·κ-, απ+εσχη-, -)
απ·εχ·ουσι(ν), απ·εχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
to hold back [Lit:"from-have/from-hold"; c. acc., receive something from someone; c. gen. or c. ἀπό, hold a distance away, or abstain from] have or receive in full
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
μισθὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μισθός, -ου, ὁ
μισθ·ον
(mas) acc sg
reward [wage, payment, compensation, due]
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
.
Mt 6:16
“Moreover when you fast,[a] don’t be like the hypocrites, with sad faces. For they disfigure their faces, that they may be seen by men to be fasting. Most certainly Truly I tell you, they have received their reward.
———
a See ταπεινόω (humble) yourselves on the Day of Atonement, Lv. 16:29, 31; 23:27, 32.
[history]

1 Verse(s)


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