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  Kata Biblon
Wiki Lexicon of the Greek New Testament

Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω

Lemma:‎ λέγω

Interlinear

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 World English Bible‎ / Wiki English Translation
Mk 3:21Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἀκούσαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to hear to hear; to listen (pay attention) to; or to understand what is heard
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
παρ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

παρά
παρ’
indecl
frοm beside (+acc,+gen,+dat) παρ’ before vowels I. beside, near, by, II. along, III. past, beyond. 1. with Verbs of coming, going, etc., to the side of, to, with Verbs of placing, examining, etc., side by side with, near, together
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
he/she/it/same
ἐξῆλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
to come out σπειρων
κρατῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρατέω (κρατ(ε)-, κρατη·σ-, κρατη·σ-, κεκρατη·κ-, κεκρατη-, κρατη·θ-)
κρατη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to seize/take-hold , from "κράτος" (strength/might), hence take-hold/control-of/retain, exercise-power-over, seize/arrest/detain, bear/carry,
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
he/she/it/same
· ἔλεγον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·λεγ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
to say speak, tell
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Ἐξέστη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ίστημι (ath. εξ+ιστ(α)-/ath. εξ+ιστ(η)-, εκ+στη·σ-, εκ+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. εκ+στ(η)-/ath. εκ+στ(α)-, εξ+εστη·κ-/εξ+εστα·κ-/εξ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, εκ+στα·θ-)
εκ·ε·στ(η)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
to be-astonished Lit:stand-from-out-of", hence be-astonished/astounded/amazed/crazy/out-of-ones-mind. LXX:tremble/confuse/dismay/upset/trouble/faint/displace
.
Mk 3:21
When And his friends family members,[a] heard it, they went out to seize him: hearingfor they[b] said were saying, “He is insane. mad[c]went out to seize him.[d]
———
a Lit. the ones from him. Variously translated as his relatives (NAB), his own people (NAS), his friends (KJV, WEB), those who belonged to him (his kinsmen) (AMP), but most often as his family (NET, NIV, NRSV, REB). They don't arrive until verse 31, a construct called a Marcan sandwich.
b NRSV interprets they as people, i.e., for people were saying. Contextually, they actually appears to be a forward referent to the scribes in 3:22.
c Gr. ἐξίστημι, usually meaning to amaze (or be amazed), but here being equated with demon-possessed in 3:22. Variously translated out of his mind (NAB, NET, NIV, NJB, NRSV, REB), beside himself (KJV), insane (WEB), lost his senses (NAS), and out of his mind (beside Himself, deranged) (AMP). (Note, however, the variant usage of ἐξίστημι in the parallel account in Mt 12:23.)
d Jn 7:5 says For not even his own brothers believed in him (NET). But here (in Mk 3:21) they are probably only racing to protect him from those calling him mad, not necessarily believing it themselves.
[history]

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