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  Kata Biblon
Wiki Lexicon of the Greek New Testament

Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω

Lemma:‎ φῶς

Interlinear

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 World English Bible‎ / Wiki English Translation
Jn 3:19Αὕτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]αυτ·η
fem nom sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet [postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
to be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
κρίσις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

κρίσις, -εως, ἡ
κρισ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
judgment /decision, turning point, sudden change, crisis, estimation, conceit
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
ἐλήλυθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εληλυθ·[κ]ε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
to come Sometimes (carelessly?) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κόσμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
world [present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and also, even, namely
ἠγάπησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγαπάω (αγαπ(α)-, αγαπη·σ-, αγαπη·σ-, ηγαπη·κ-, ηγαπη-, αγαπη·θ-)
ε·αγαπη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
to agape-love /Calvary/sacrificial-love. Distinct from "φιλέω" (affection, friendship-love) and "έρος" (romantic/sexual-love).
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἄνθρωποι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
man
μᾶλλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μᾶλλον
μαλλον
indecl
more/rather (instead)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σκότος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
darkness gloom, darkness
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
· ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
to be
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for since, as
{ πονηρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πονηρός -ά -όν
πονηρ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
evil, wicked Adj.from πόνος + αἴρω: hence pain/labor/trouble-lifting/bearing/propounding.
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
he/she/it/same
πονηρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πονηρός -ά -όν
πονηρ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
evil, wicked Adj.from πόνος + αἴρω: hence pain/labor/trouble-lifting/bearing/propounding.
} τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἔργα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
work
.
Jn 3:19
This is the judgment, that the light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the light; for their works were evil[a].
———
a πονηρός - airing (lifting up, exulting in, or propounding) hard, toilsome, labor. From αἴρω καί πόνος.
[history]

1 Verse(s)


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