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  Kata Biblon
Wiki Lexicon of the Greek New Testament

Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω

Lemma:‎ ἀποδίδωμι

Interlinear

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 World English Bible‎ / Wiki English Translation
1Pt 3:9μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀποδιδόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δίδωμι (ath. απο+διδ(ο)-/ath. απο+διδ(ω)-, απο+δω·σ-, απο+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+δ(ο)-/ath. απο+δ(ω)-, -, απο+δεδο-, απο+δο·θ-)
απο·διδ(ο)·ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to give-back Lit:"give-from", hence, give/pay-back/repay/restore, assign, impute, convey, refer, sell
κακὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked /evil
ἀντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀντί
αντι
indecl
against/instead (+gen) as much as, in return for, in exchange ofmma]nti< is the preposition first of equivalence (Homer, Il . ix. 116, 117) and then of ex- change (1 Cor. xi. 15; Heb. xii. 2, 16; Matt. v. 38),
κακοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος); κακόω (κακ(ο)-, κακω·σ-, κακω·σ-, κεκακω·κ-, κεκακω-, κακω·θ-)
κακ·ου; κακ(ο)·ε, κακ(ο)·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
wicked /evil; to badly-affect Lit:"badly-affect", hence mistreat/oppress/harm/afflict/trouble/hurt
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
λοιδορίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

λοιδορία, -ας, ἡ
λοιδορι·αν
(fem) acc sg
abuse
ἀντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀντί
αντι
indecl
against/instead (+gen) as much as, in return for, in exchange ofmma]nti< is the preposition first of equivalence (Homer, Il . ix. 116, 117) and then of ex- change (1 Cor. xi. 15; Heb. xii. 2, 16; Matt. v. 38),
λοιδορίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

λοιδορία, -ας, ἡ
λοιδορι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
abuse
· τοὐναντίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Adverb)

τοὐναντίον (τὸ ἐναντίον)
το εναντιον
indecl
the opposite effect
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet [postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
εὐλογοῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·λογέω (ευλογ(ε)-, ευλογη·σ-, ευλογη·σ-, ευλογη·κ-/ηυλογη·κ-, ευλογη-/ηυλογη-, ευλογη·θ-)
ευλογ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to speak well of Lit:"good-word/message", hence speak-good/well-of, eulogize. Usually rendered "bless", but quite distinct from "makarios" (blessed/fortunate)
, { εἰδότες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ·[κ]οτ·ες
perf act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
to knowing /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
♦ - } ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐκλήθητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
ε·κλη·θητε
aor θη ind 2nd pl
to call summon/invite
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that /so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
εὐλογίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εὐ·λογία, -ας, ἡ
ευλογι·αν
(fem) acc sg
praise Lit:"good-message/word", hence praise/adulation/eulogy. Often rendered "blessing" but distinct from "μακάριος"(blessed/fortunate/enviable)
κληρονομήσητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κληρο·νομέω (κληρονομ(ε)-, κληρονομη·σ-, κληρονομη·σ-, κεκληρονομη·κ-, -, -)
κληρονομη·σητε
1aor act sub 2nd pl
to inherit Lit:"apportion-by-law", hence inherit/receive-possession-of, gain-title-to
.
1Pt 3:9
not rendering evil for evil, or insult for insult; but instead blessing; knowing that to this were you called,[a] that you may inherit a blessing.[b]
———
a Ps 34:11: Come children! Listen to me! / I will teach you what it means to fear the Lord (NET).
b Ps 34:12: Do you want to really live? / Would you love to live a long, happy life? (NET). (See 3:10.)
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