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ζηλος • ZHLOS • zēlos

ζῆλος, -ου, ὁ and -ους, τό

Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 3rd Decl.)

[History]

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Perseus Dictionary Entry (Liddell and Scott [and Jones]'s Greek-English Lexicon, 9th ed., 1925-1940)

ζῆλος

Trench's Synonyms of the New Testament (1880)

§xxvi. ζῆλος, φθόνος

Inflection Chart(s)

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User Notes     See all annotated entries

The neuter form of ζῆλος occurs only twice. It is differentiated from the masculine form in 2 Corinthians 9:2 by the neuter article:

...καὶ { ὁ ἐξ ♦ τὸ } ὑμῶν ζῆλος (nom) ἠρέθισεν τοὺς πλείονας.

And in Philippians 3:6 by κατὰ, which identifies it as an accusative, and therefore not masculine nominative:

κατὰ { ζῆλον ♦ ζῆλος (acc) }....

Occurrences in the GNT

InflectionLemmaUncontracted Form(s)ParsingTranslation(s)Verse(s)
ζηλοῖζῆλος or ζηλόωζηλ·οι; ζηλ(ο)·ει, ζηλ(ο)·ῃ, ζηλ(ο)·οι(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 3rd sgzeal/emulations (nom|voc); he/she/it-is-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-ZEAL/EMULATE-ed, you(sg)-are-being-ZEAL/EMULATE-ed (classical), he/she/it-should-be-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-ZEAL/EMULATE-ed, he/she/it-happens-to-be-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing (opt)1Cor 13:4
ζῆλοιζῆλος or ζηλόωζηλ·οι; ζηλ(ο)·ει, ζηλ(ο)·ῃ, ζηλ(ο)·οι(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 3rd sgzeal/emulations (nom|voc); he/she/it-is-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-ZEAL/EMULATE-ed, you(sg)-are-being-ZEAL/EMULATE-ed (classical), he/she/it-should-be-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-ZEAL/EMULATE-ed, he/she/it-happens-to-be-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing (opt)2Cor 12:20, Gal 5:20
ζῆλονζῆλοςζηλ·ον(mas) acc sgzeal/emulation (acc)Rom 10:2, 2Cor 7:7, 2Cor 7:11, Phil 3:6, Col 4:13, Jas 3:14
ζῆλοςζῆλοςζηλ·ος, ζηλ(ο)·ς(mas) nom sg, (neu) nom|acc|voc sgzeal/emulation (nom, nom|acc|voc)Jn 2:17, 1Cor 3:3, 2Cor 9:2, 2Cor 12:20, Gal 5:20, Phil 3:6, Heb 10:27, Jas 3:16
ζήλουζῆλος or ζηλόωζηλ·ου; ζηλ(ο)·ε, ζηλ(ο)·ου(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sgzeal/emulation (gen); be-you(sg)-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-ZEAL/EMULATE-ed!Acts 5:17, Acts 13:45
ζήλῳζῆλοςζηλ·ῳ(mas) dat sgzeal/emulation (dat)Rom 13:13, 2Cor 11:2

Inflections: 6
Total occurrences: 22

Occurrences in the LXX

InflectionLemmaUncontracted Form(s)ParsingTranslation(s)Verse(s)
ζήλειζῆλοςζηλ(ε)·ι(neu) dat sgzeal/emulation (dat)PsSol 2:24, PsSol 4:3
ζηλοῖςζῆλος or ζηλόωζηλ·οις; ζηλ(ο)·εις, ζηλ(ο)·ῃς, ζηλ(ο)·οις(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 2nd sg, pres act sub 2nd sg, pres act opt 2nd sgzeal/emulations (dat); you(sg)-are-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing, you(sg)-happen-to-be-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing (opt)Nm 11:29
ζῆλονζῆλοςζηλ·ον(mas) acc sgzeal/emulation (acc)Nm 25:11, 1Mc 2:54, 1Mc 2:58, Wsd 5:17, Zec 1:14, Zec 8:2, Is 42:13
ζῆλόνζῆλοςζηλ·ον(mas) acc sgzeal/emulation (acc)Jdt 9:4, Ez 23:25
ζῆλοςζῆλοςζηλ·ος, ζηλ(ο)·ς(mas) nom sg, (neu) nom|acc|voc sgzeal/emulation (nom, nom|acc|voc)Dt 29:19, 4Kgs 19:31, 1Mc 8:16, Ps 68:10, Ps 118:139, Ode 5:11, Prv 27:4, Qoh 4:4, Qoh 9:6, Cant 8:6, Jb 5:2, Sir 30:24, Sir 40:4, Is 9:6, Is 11:13, Is 26:11, Is 37:32
ζῆλόςζῆλοςζηλ·ος, ζηλ(ο)·ς(mas) nom sg, (neu) nom|acc|voc sgzeal/emulation (nom, nom|acc|voc)Ps 78:5, Is 63:15, Ez 16:42, Ez 38:19
ζήλουζῆλος or ζηλόωζηλ·ου; ζηλ(ο)·ε, ζηλ(ο)·ου(mas) gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sgzeal/emulation (gen); be-you(sg)-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-ZEAL/EMULATE-ed!Ps 36:1, Prv 6:34, Prv 24:19, Sir 9:1, Ez 16:38
ζήλουςζῆλοςζηλ·ους, ζηλ(ε)·ος(mas) acc pl, (neu) gen sgzeal/emulations (acc), zeal/emulation (gen)Zep 1:18, Zep 3:8
ζήλῳζῆλοςζηλ·ῳ(mas) dat sgzeal/emulation (dat)Nm 25:11, Sir 48:2, Ez 5:13, Ez 36:6
ζηλῶνζῆλος or ζηλόωζηλ·ων, ζηλ(ε)·ων; ζηλ(ο)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^(mas) gen pl, (neu) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sgzeal/emulations (gen); while ZEAL/EMULATE-ing (nom)3Kgs 19:10, 3Kgs 19:14, 1Mc 2:27

Inflections: 10
Total occurrences: 47

ζῆλος, -ου, ὁ and -ους, τό zeal/emulation (n.) [rivalry, envy, jealousy] desire to be equal of excel, pride
ζηλωτής, -οῦ, ὁ zealot/fanatic (n.)
παρα+ζηλόω to provoke-to-jealousy (v.) Lit:make-close-to-jealous, hence provoke-to-jealousy
ζηλόω to zeal/emulate (v.) [in good sense: eager rivalry, emulation, ambition. in bad sense: antagonism, jealousy, envy. compare φθόνος]

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