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αρχων • ARCWN ARXWN • archōn

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες

Noun (3rd Decl.)

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Perseus Dictionary Entry (Liddell and Scott [and Jones]'s Greek-English Lexicon, 9th ed., 1925-1940)

ἄρχων

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Occurrences in the GNT

InflectionLemmaUncontracted Form(s)ParsingTranslation(s)Verse(s)
ἄρχοντα, Ἄρχονταἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·α; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·α(mas) acc sg; pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc plruler (acc); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (acc, nom|acc|voc)Lk 12:58, Acts 7:27, Acts 7:35, Acts 23:5, Eph 2:2
ἄρχονταςἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·ας; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ας(mas) acc pl; pres act ptcp mas acc plrulers (acc); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (acc)Lk 23:13, Acts 4:5, Acts 16:19
ἄρχοντες, Ἄρχοντεςἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·ες; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ες(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act ptcp mas nom|voc plrulers (nom|voc); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (nom|voc)Mt 20:25, Lk 23:35, Lk 24:20, Jn 7:26, Acts 3:17, Acts 4:8, Acts 4:26, Acts 13:27, Rom 13:3
ἄρχοντιἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·ι; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ι(mas) dat sg; pres act ptcp mas dat sg or pres act ptcp neu dat sgruler (dat); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (dat)Mt 9:34, Mt 12:24, Mk 3:22, Lk 11:15
ἄρχοντοςἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·ος; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ος(mas) gen sg; pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sgruler (gen); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (gen)Mt 9:23
ἀρχόντωνἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·ων; αρχ·οντων, αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ων(mas) gen pl; pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen plrulers (gen); let-them-be-BEGIN/RULE-ing! (classical), while BEGIN/RULE-ing (gen)Lk 14:1, Jn 7:48, Jn 12:42, 1Cor 2:6, 1Cor 2:8
ἄρχουσινἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat plrulers (dat); they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing (dat)Acts 14:5
ἄρχωνἄρχων or ἀρχή or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ν[τ]·^; αρχ·ων; αρχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^(mas) nom sg; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sgruler (nom); beginnings (gen); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (nom)Mt 9:18, Lk 8:41, Lk 18:18, Jn 3:1, Jn 12:31, Jn 14:30, Jn 16:11, Rv 1:5

Inflections: 8
Total occurrences: 39

Occurrences in the LXX

InflectionLemmaUncontracted Form(s)ParsingTranslation(s)Verse(s)
ἄρχονταἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·α; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·α(mas) acc sg; pres act ptcp mas acc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc plruler (acc); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (acc, nom|acc|voc)Gn 45:8, Ex 2:14, Nm 17:21, Nm 34:18, Dt 17:14, Dt 17:15, Dt 33:20, JgsB 4:7, JgsB 10:18, JgsB 11:8, JgsB 11:9, JgsA 4:7, 1Kgs 9:16, 1Kgs 10:1, 1Kgs 13:14, 2Kgs 10:18, 2Kgs 23:19, 2Kgs 24:2, 3Kgs 1:19, 3Kgs 11:15, 3Kgs 12:24b, 3Kgs 12:24t, 3Kgs 22:26, 4Kgs 4:13, 1Chr 2:10, 1Chr 11:6, 1Chr 11:21, 1Chr 12:19, 1Chr 26:10, 2Chr 11:22, 2Chr 18:25, 2Chr 24:6, 2Chr 32:21, 2Chr 34:8, 2Esd 15:14, Jdt 8:9, Jdt 9:10, Jdt 14:12, 1Mc 1:29, 1Mc 9:30, 1Mc 12:53, Ps 104:21, Hos 13:10, Mi 5:1, Is 8:21, Is 10:12, Is 22:23, Is 55:4, Lam 2:6, Ez 19:1, Ez 28:12, Ez 38:2, Ez 38:3, Ez 39:1, DnOG 2:48, DnOG 4:18, DnTh 2:48, DnTh 5:11, DnTh 5:29
ἄρχονταςἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·ας; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ας(mas) acc pl; pres act ptcp mas acc plrulers (acc); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (acc)Gn 14:7, Gn 47:5, Ex 22:27, Lv 20:5, Nm 22:15, Nm 30:2, Nm 32:2, Nm 32:28, Dt 20:9, JoB 13:21, JoB 23:2, JgsB 7:25, JgsB 8:3, JgsB 8:15, JgsB 16:18, JgsB 16:30, JgsA 7:25, JgsA 8:3, JgsA 8:14, JgsA 8:15, JgsA 8:16, 2Kgs 24:4, 3Kgs 1:25, 3Kgs 15:20, 4Kgs 8:21, 4Kgs 10:1, 4Kgs 24:14, 1Chr 12:19, 1Chr 21:2, 1Chr 23:2, 1Chr 24:4, 1Chr 28:1, 2Chr 5:2, 2Chr 12:5, 2Chr 12:10, 2Chr 16:4, 2Chr 21:9, 2Chr 22:8, 2Chr 23:2, 2Chr 23:20, 2Chr 24:23, 2Chr 29:20, 2Chr 32:6, 2Chr 33:11, 2Chr 33:14, 2Esd 4:2, 2Esd 7:28, 2Esd 10:5, 2Esd 14:13, 2Esd 15:7, 2Esd 17:5, 2Esd 19:32, 2Esd 22:31, Est 1:16, Jdt 5:2, Jdt 6:14, Jdt 7:23, Jdt 9:3, 1Mc 6:28, Ps 44:17, Ps 82:12, Ps 104:22, Ps 106:40, Ps 117:9, Ps 145:3, Qoh 10:7, Jb 12:21, Sir 46:13, Sir 46:18, PsSol 5:11, PsSol 8:20, PsSol 17:12, PsSol 17:22, PsSol 17:36, Hos 7:3, Hos 8:10, Am 2:3, Zep 1:8, Is 3:4, Is 9:5, Is 40:23, Is 43:4, Jer 24:1, Jer 32:18, Jer 33:11, Jer 33:12, Jer 41:19, Jer 41:21, Jer 44:14, Jer 45:22, Jer 52:10, Bar 1:9, Bar 2:1, Lam 2:2, Lam 2:9, Ez 17:12, Ez 30:13, DnOG 1:20, DnOG 3:97, DnTh 3:2, DnTh 9:6, DnTh 11:18
ἄρχοντάςἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·ας; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ας(mas) acc pl; pres act ptcp mas acc plrulers (acc); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (acc)Dt 28:36, Is 60:17
ἄρχοντεςἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·ες; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ες(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act ptcp mas nom|voc plrulers (nom|voc); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (nom|voc)Gn 12:15, Gn 25:16, Gn 27:29, Ex 15:15, Ex 16:22, Ex 34:31, Ex 35:27, Nm 1:16, Nm 1:44, Nm 4:34, Nm 4:46, Nm 7:2, Nm 7:10, Nm 10:4, Nm 17:21, Nm 21:18, Nm 22:8, Nm 22:14, Nm 23:6, Nm 23:17, Nm 31:13, Nm 31:26, Nm 36:1, JoB 9:14, JoB 9:15, JoB 9:18, JoB 9:19, JoB 9:21, JoB 14:1, JoB 19:51, JoB 22:14, JoB 22:30, JoB 22:32, JgsB 8:6, JgsB 10:18, JgsB 16:5, JgsB 16:8, JgsB 16:18, JgsB 16:23, JgsB 16:27, JgsA 8:6, JgsA 10:18, 2Kgs 10:3, 2Kgs 24:4, 3Kgs 2:35h, 3Kgs 2:46h, 3Kgs 4:2, 3Kgs 10:22c, 3Kgs 22:32, 3Kgs 22:33, 4Kgs 9:5, 4Kgs 24:12, 4Kgs 25:23, 4Kgs 25:26, 1Chr 4:42, 1Chr 5:24, 1Chr 7:2, 1Chr 7:3, 1Chr 7:7, 1Chr 7:9, 1Chr 7:11, 1Chr 7:40, 1Chr 8:6, 1Chr 8:10, 1Chr 8:13, 1Chr 8:28, 1Chr 9:9, 1Chr 9:13, 1Chr 9:33, 1Chr 9:34, 1Chr 11:10, 1Chr 12:15, 1Chr 12:29, 1Chr 12:35, 1Chr 15:12, 1Chr 19:3, 1Chr 23:9, 1Chr 23:24, 1Chr 24:5, 1Chr 24:6, 1Chr 25:1, 1Chr 26:21, 1Chr 26:26, 1Chr 26:32, 1Chr 27:1, 1Chr 27:4, 1Chr 28:21, 1Chr 29:6, 1Chr 29:24, 2Chr 8:9, 2Chr 8:10, 2Chr 12:6, 2Chr 18:31, 2Chr 18:32, 2Chr 23:13, 2Chr 24:10, 2Chr 24:17, 2Chr 28:12, 2Chr 29:30, 2Chr 30:2, 2Chr 30:24, 2Chr 31:8, 2Chr 35:8, 2Chr 35:9, 2Chr 35:15, 2Chr 35:25, 1Esd 1:27, 1Esd 8:66, 2Esd 1:5, 2Esd 3:12, 2Esd 8:1, 2Esd 8:20, 2Esd 8:25, 2Esd 9:1, 2Esd 10:14, 2Esd 10:16, 2Esd 14:10, 2Esd 18:13, 2Esd 19:34, 2Esd 20:1, 2Esd 20:15, 2Esd 21:1, 2Esd 21:3, 2Esd 21:13, 2Esd 22:7, 2Esd 22:12, 2Esd 22:22, 2Esd 22:23, 2Esd 22:24, Est 1:14, Est 9:3, Jdt 7:8, Jdt 8:11, Jdt 8:35, Jdt 14:19, 1Mc 1:26, 1Mc 5:56, 1Mc 6:61, 1Mc 10:37, 1Mc 11:63, 1Mc 11:70, 1Mc 12:24, 1Mc 14:20, Ps 2:2, Ps 23:7, Ps 23:9, Ps 46:10, Ps 67:26, Ps 67:28, Ps 118:23, Ps 118:161, Ps 148:11, Ode 1:15, PsSol 8:16, Hos 5:10, Hos 7:5, Hos 7:16, Hos 9:15, Hos 12:12, Am 1:15, Zep 3:3, Is 1:10, Is 13:2, Is 19:11, Is 19:13, Is 21:5, Is 23:8, Is 28:14, Is 32:1, Is 34:1, Is 34:12, Is 41:1, Is 41:25, Is 43:9, Is 43:27, Is 43:28, Is 49:7, Jer 2:26, Jer 17:25, Jer 30:19, Jer 31:7, Jer 33:10, Jer 33:16, Jer 33:21, Jer 39:32, Jer 43:12, Jer 43:14, Jer 44:15, Jer 45:25, Jer 45:27, Jer 51:17, Jer 51:21, Bar 3:16, Lam 1:6, Lam 5:12, Ez 22:27, Ez 26:16, Ez 27:21, Ez 32:29, Ez 32:30, DnTh 3:3
ἄρχοντέςἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·ες; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ες(mas) nom|voc pl; pres act ptcp mas nom|voc plrulers (nom|voc); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (nom|voc)2Kgs 19:7, Qoh 10:16, Qoh 10:17, Is 1:23, Is 22:3, Ez 27:8
ἄρχοντιἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·ι; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ι(mas) dat sg; pres act ptcp mas dat sg or pres act ptcp neu dat sgruler (dat); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (dat)Gn 24:2, Lv 18:21, Lv 20:2, Lv 20:3, Lv 20:4, Nm 17:21, 2Esd 1:8, 2Esd 17:2, Jdt 9:10, Ez 28:2
ἄρχοντοςἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·ος; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ος(mas) gen sg; pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sgruler (gen); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (gen)Nm 25:15, Nm 25:18, 4Kgs 23:8, 4Kgs 25:19, 2Esd 8:17, Jdt 13:18, Jb 21:28, Sir 41:18, Sir 48:12, PsSol 17:20, Hos 3:4, Ez 31:11, DnTh 10:13, DnTh 10:20
ἄρχοντόςἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·ος; αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ος(mas) gen sg; pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sgruler (gen); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (gen)Is 22:18
ἀρχόντωνἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ντ·ων; αρχ·οντων, αρχ·ο[υ]ντ·ων(mas) gen pl; pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen plrulers (gen); let-them-be-BEGIN/RULE-ing! (classical), while BEGIN/RULE-ing (gen)Nm 1:4, Nm 3:32, Nm 7:3, Nm 7:84, Nm 17:17, Nm 22:21, Nm 22:35, Nm 23:21, Nm 27:2, Nm 36:1, Dt 32:42, Dt 33:5, Dt 33:21, JoB 17:4, JoB 22:14, JgsB 5:8, JgsB 8:14, 2Kgs 6:2, 3Kgs 5:30, 3Kgs 21:14, 3Kgs 21:15, 3Kgs 21:17, 3Kgs 21:19, 1Chr 4:38, 1Chr 11:15, 1Chr 12:24, 1Chr 24:6, 1Chr 24:31, 1Chr 27:3, 2Chr 21:4, 2Chr 21:9, 2Chr 28:14, 2Chr 28:21, 2Chr 30:6, 2Chr 30:12, 2Chr 32:31, 2Chr 34:9, 2Esd 2:68, 2Esd 4:3, 2Esd 5:10, 2Esd 7:28, 2Esd 8:24, 2Esd 8:29, 2Esd 9:2, 2Esd 10:8, 2Esd 22:32, Est 1:18, Jdt 6:17, 1Mc 6:60, 1Mc 7:26, 1Mc 11:62, 1Mc 14:2, 1Mc 14:28, Ps 32:10, Ps 75:13, Ps 81:7, Ps 86:6, Ps 112:8, Ode 2:42, Prv 29:2, Jb 3:15, Jb 12:24, Sir 10:14, Sir 36:9, Zec 6:10, Is 3:14, Is 14:5, Is 29:10, Is 49:7, Jer 4:9, Jer 8:1, Jer 42:4, Jer 43:21, Jer 51:9, Ez 39:18, DnOG 10:13, DnTh 10:13, DnTh 11:5
ἄρχουσιἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat plrulers (dat); they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing (dat)Nm 22:40, 3Kgs 22:31, 1Chr 26:12, 2Chr 1:2, Est 1:21, Est 3:12, Est 3:13a, Est 8:12b
ἄρχουσινἄρχων or ἄρχωαρχου[ντ]·σι(ν); αρχ·ουσι(ν), αρχ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)(mas) dat pl; pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat plrulers (dat); they-are-BEGIN/RULE-ing, while BEGIN/RULE-ing (dat)Gn 49:20, Nm 22:13, Nm 22:18, JoB 9:18, JgsA 15:11, 1Kgs 6:4, 2Kgs 18:5, 3Kgs 2:5, 1Chr 15:16, 1Chr 22:17, 2Chr 1:2, 2Chr 18:30, 2Esd 22:44, Est 1:3, Est 1:11, Est 3:12, Est 8:9, 1Mc 5:40, 1Mc 10:63, Jb 34:18, Jer 1:18, Bar 1:16, DnTh 9:8
ἄρχωνἄρχων or ἀρχή or ἄρχωαρχο[υ]ν[τ]·^; αρχ·ων; αρχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^(mas) nom sg; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sgruler (nom); beginnings (gen); while BEGIN/RULE-ing (nom)Gn 34:2, Gn 42:6, Gn 49:10, Lv 4:22, Nm 2:3, Nm 2:5, Nm 2:7, Nm 2:10, Nm 2:12, Nm 2:14, Nm 2:18, Nm 2:20, Nm 2:22, Nm 2:25, Nm 2:27, Nm 2:29, Nm 3:24, Nm 3:30, Nm 3:32, Nm 3:35, Nm 7:11, Nm 7:12, Nm 7:18, Nm 7:24, Nm 7:30, Nm 7:36, Nm 7:42, Nm 7:48, Nm 7:54, Nm 7:60, Nm 7:66, Nm 7:72, Nm 7:78, Nm 16:13, Nm 25:14, Nm 34:22, Nm 34:23, Nm 34:24, Nm 34:25, Nm 34:26, Nm 34:27, Nm 34:28, Dt 33:5, JoB 12:5, JoB 22:14, JgsB 4:2, JgsB 9:30, JgsA 4:2, JgsA 9:30, 1Kgs 22:14, 2Kgs 10:16, 2Kgs 19:14, 2Kgs 23:8, 2Kgs 23:18, 3Kgs 2:46b, 3Kgs 2:46f, 3Kgs 2:46h, 3Kgs 2:46k, 3Kgs 5:4, 3Kgs 11:14, 3Kgs 11:21, 3Kgs 16:9, 4Kgs 5:1, 4Kgs 9:5, 1Chr 5:6, 1Chr 5:7, 1Chr 5:15, 1Chr 9:17, 1Chr 11:20, 1Chr 11:42, 1Chr 12:3, 1Chr 12:10, 1Chr 15:5, 1Chr 15:6, 1Chr 15:7, 1Chr 15:8, 1Chr 15:9, 1Chr 15:10, 1Chr 15:22, 1Chr 15:27, 1Chr 23:8, 1Chr 23:11, 1Chr 23:16, 1Chr 23:17, 1Chr 23:18, 1Chr 23:19, 1Chr 23:20, 1Chr 24:21, 1Chr 26:31, 1Chr 27:3, 1Chr 27:5, 1Chr 29:12, 2Chr 17:14, 2Chr 31:10, 2Esd 13:9, 2Esd 13:12, 2Esd 13:14, 2Esd 13:16, 2Esd 13:17, 2Esd 13:18, 2Esd 13:19, 1Mc 2:17, 1Mc 2:66, 1Mc 3:13, Ps 104:20, Ode 7:38, Jb 29:25, Sir 48:16, Hos 10:14, Mi 7:3, Is 10:8, Is 16:4, Is 33:22, Jer 22:30, Jer 28:59, Jer 37:21, Ez 7:27, Ez 12:10, Ez 12:12, Ez 34:24, Ez 37:22, Ez 37:24, Ez 37:25, DnOG 3:38, DnTh 2:10, DnTh 2:15, DnTh 3:38, DnTh 4:9, DnTh 10:13, DnTh 10:20, DnTh 10:21, DnTh 12:1

Inflections: 12
Total occurrences: 667

ἄρχω to begin/rule (v.) Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
ἀπ·αρχή, -ῆς, ἡ first-fruit (n.)
ἀρχαῖος -αία -ον ancient (adj.)
ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ beginning (n.)
ἄρχων, -οντος, ὁ ruler (n.)
Ἀσι·άρχης, -ου, ὁ Asiarch (n.)
ἐθν·άρχης, -ου, ὁ tribal chief (n.)
ἑκατοντ·άρχης and -χος, -ου, ὁ centurion (n.)
ἐν+άρχομαι to begin the offering (v.)
ἐπ·αρχεία v.l. -χία, -ας, ἡ ??? (n.)
πατρι·άρχης, -ου, ὁ patriarch (n.)
πειθ·αρχέω to obey authority (v.) (hearken, yield to authority, persuaded by ruler)
πολιτ·άρχης, -ου, ὁ magistrate (n.)
προ·εν+άρχομαι to ??? (v.)
προ·ϋπ+άρχω to go about before all this (v.)
στρατο·πεδ·άρχης, -ου, ὁ military commander (n.)
τετρα·αρχέω v.l. τετρ·αρχ- to ??? (v.)
τετρα·άρχης v.l. τετρ·άρχ-, -ου, ὁ tetrarch (n.)
ὕπ·αρξις, -εως, ἡ possessions (n.) Lit:"under-rule", hence under-control, goods/possessions
ὑπ+άρχω to be under the power of (v.) [to be] under the power [of], such as when a possession is in your control
φύλ·αρχος, -ου, ὁ [LXX] ??? (n.)
χιλί·αρχος, -ου, ὁ chiliarch (n.) [leader of a thousand soldiers]

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