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αιτεω • AITEW • aiteō

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)

Verb

[History]

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Perseus Dictionary Entry (Liddell and Scott [and Jones]'s Greek-English Lexicon, 9th ed., 1925-1940)

αἰτέω

Trench's Synonyms of the New Testament (1880)

§xl. αἰτέω, ἐρωτάω

Inflection Chart(s)

   Click for inflections

[History] [Edit]

User Notes     See all annotated entries

On active vs. middle:

No real distinction betw. act. and mid.: the distinc. betw. act. [ask outright] and mid. [ask as a loan] found by ancient grammarians has only very limited validity for our lit...; cp. Js 4:2f, when they seem to be used interchangeably (BDAG s.v. αἰτέω).

To ask someone:

Give to him who asks you.... [Matthew 5:42 WEB]
Τῷ αἰτοῦντί σε (acc) { δίδου ♦ δός }....

...For your Father knows what things you need, before you ask him. [Matthew 6:8 WEB]
...οἶδεν γὰρ ὁ πατὴρ ὑμῶν ὧν χρείαν ἔχετε, πρὸ τοῦ ὑμᾶς αἰτῆσαι αὐτόν (acc).

To ask for something:

Or who is there among you, who, if his son asks him for bread, will give him a stone? Or if he asks for a fish, who will give him a serpent? [Matthew 7:9-10 WEB]
Ἢ τίς ἐστιν ἐξ ὑμῶν ἄνθρωπος, ὃν { ἐὰν αἰτήσῃ ♦ αἰτήσει } ὁ υἱὸς αὐτοῦ ἄρτον (acc), μὴ λίθον ἐπιδώσει αὐτῷ; { Καὶ ἐὰν ἰχθὺν (acc) αἰτήσῃ ♦ Ἢ καὶ ἰχθὺν (acc) αἰτήσει }, μὴ ὄφιν ἐπιδώσει αὐτῷ;

Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded the multitudes to ask for Barabbas.... [Matthew 27:20 WEB]
Οἱ δὲ ἀρχιερεῖς καὶ οἱ πρεσβύτεροι ἔπεισαν τοὺς ὄχλους ἵνα αἰτήσωνται τὸν Βαραββᾶν (acc)....

This man went to Pilate, and asked for Jesus’ body.... [Matthew 27:58 WEB]
οὗτος προσελθὼν τῷ Πιλάτῳ, ᾐτήσατο τὸ σῶμα (acc) τοῦ Ἰησοῦ....

To ask for something from someone:

Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to him with her sons, kneeling and asking a certain thing of him. [Matthew 20:20 WEB]
Τότε προσῆλθεν αὐτῷ ἡ μήτηρ τῶν υἱῶν Ζεβεδαίου μετὰ τῶν υἱῶν αὐτῆς, προσκυνοῦσα καὶ αἰτοῦσά τι (acc) { παρ’ ♦ ἀπ’ } αὐτοῦ .

Occurrences in the GNT

InflectionLemmaUncontracted Form(s)ParsingTranslation(s)Verse(s)
αἰτεῖναἰτέωαιτ(ε)·εινpres act infto-be-ASK-ingActs 3:2
αἰτεῖςαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ειςpres act ind 2nd sgyou(sg)-are-ASK-ingJn 4:9
αἰτεῖσθαιαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·εσθαιpres mp infto-be-being-ASK-edMk 15:8, Jas 4:2
αἰτεῖσθεαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·εσθεpres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd plyou(pl)-are-being-ASK-ed, be-you(pl)-being-ASK-ed!Mt 20:22, Mk 10:38, Mk 11:24, Jas 4:3
Αἰτεῖτε, αἰτεῖτεαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ετεpres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd plyou(pl)-are-ASK-ing, be-you(pl)-ASK-ing!Mt 7:7, Lk 11:9, Jn 16:24, Jas 4:3
Αἰτείτω, αἰτείτωαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ετωpres act imp 3rd sglet-him/her/it-be-ASK-ing!Jas 1:5, Jas 1:6
αἰτῆσαιαἰτέωαιτη·σαι1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sgto-ASK, be-you(sg)-ASK-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-ASK (opt)Mt 6:8
Αἰτήσας, αἰτήσαςαἰτέωαιτη·σα[ντ]·ς1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sgupon ASK-ing (nom|voc)Lk 1:63, Acts 16:29
αἰτήσασθεαἰτέωαιτη·σασθε1aor mp imp 2nd plbe-you(pl)-ASK-ed!Jn 15:7
αἰτήσειαἰτέωαιτη·σειfut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classicalhe/she/it-will-ASK, you(sg)-will-be-ASK-ed (classical)Mt 7:9, Mt 7:10, Lk 11:11, Lk 11:12, 1Jn 5:16
αἰτήσεσθεαἰτέωαιτη·σεσθεfut mp ind 2nd plyou(pl)-will-be-ASK-edJn 15:7, Jn 16:26
αἰτήσῃαἰτέωαιτη·σῃfut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sgyou(sg)-will-be-ASK-ed, he/she/it-should-ASK, you(sg)-should-be-ASK-edMt 7:9, Mt 7:10, Lk 11:12, Jn 11:22
αἰτήσῃςαἰτέωαιτη·σῃς1aor act sub 2nd sgyou(sg)-should-ASKMk 6:23
αἰτήσηταιαἰτέωαιτη·σηται1aor mp sub 3rd sghe/she/it-should-be-ASK-edMt 14:7
αἰτήσητεαἰτέωαιτη·σητε1aor act sub 2nd plyou(pl)-should-ASKMt 21:22, Jn 14:13, Jn 15:16, Jn 16:23
αἰτήσητέαἰτέωαιτη·σητε1aor act sub 2nd plyou(pl)-should-ASKJn 14:14
αἰτῆσθεαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ησθεpres mp sub 2nd plyou(pl)-should-be-being-ASK-edMk 11:24
αἰτήσομαιαἰτέωαιτη·σομαιfut mp ind 1st sgI-will-be-ASK-edMk 6:24
Αἴτησόναἰτέωαιτη·σον, αιτη·σο[υ]ν[τ]1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sgdo-ASK-you(sg)!, going-to-ASK (fut ptcp) (nom|acc|voc, voc)Mk 6:22
αἰτήσουσιναἰτέωαιτη·σουσι(ν), αιτη·σου[ντ]·σι(ν)fut act ind 3rd pl, fut act ptcp mas dat pl or fut act ptcp neu dat plthey-will-ASK, going-to-ASK (fut ptcp) (dat)Lk 12:48
αἰτήσωμαιαἰτέωαιτη·σωμαι1aor mp sub 1st sgI-should-be-ASK-edMk 6:24
αἰτήσωμεναἰτέωαιτη·σωμεν1aor act sub 1st plwe-should-ASKMk 10:35
αἰτήσωμέναἰτέωαιτη·σωμεν1aor act sub 1st plwe-should-ASKMk 10:35
αἰτήσωνταιαἰτέωαιτη·σωνται1aor mp sub 3rd plthey-should-be-ASK-edMt 18:19, Mt 27:20
αἰτοῦμαιαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ομαιpres mp ind 1st sgI-am-being-ASK-edEph 3:13
αἰτούμεθααἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ομεθαpres mp ind 1st plwe-are-being-ASK-edEph 3:20
αἰτούμενοιαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ομεν·οιpres mp ptcp mas nom|voc plwhile being-ASK-ed (nom|voc)Lk 23:23, Acts 25:3, Acts 25:15, Col 1:9
αἰτοῦντιαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ιpres act ptcp mas dat sg or pres act ptcp neu dat sgwhile ASK-ing (dat)1Pt 3:15
αἰτοῦντίαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ιpres act ptcp mas dat sg or pres act ptcp neu dat sgwhile ASK-ing (dat)Mt 5:42, Lk 6:30
αἰτοῦσάαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ουσ·αpres act ptcp fem nom|voc sgwhile ASK-ing (nom|voc)Mt 20:20
αἰτοῦσιναἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ουσι(ν), αιτ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat plthey-are-ASK-ing, while ASK-ing (dat)Mt 7:11, Lk 11:13, 1Cor 1:22
αἰτώμεθααἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ωμεθαpres mp sub 1st plwe-should-be-being-ASK-ed1Jn 5:14, 1Jn 5:15
αἰτῶμεναἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ωμενpres act sub 1st plwe-should-be-ASK-ing1Jn 3:22
αἰτῶναἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^pres act ptcp mas nom sgwhile ASK-ing (nom)Mt 7:8, Lk 11:10
ᾐτήκαμεναἰτέωῃτη·καμενperf act ind 1st plwe-have-ASK-ed1Jn 5:15
ᾐτήσαντοαἰτέωε·αιτη·σαντο1aor mp ind 3rd plthey-were-ASK-edActs 13:21, Acts 13:28
ᾔτησαςαἰτέωε·αιτη·σας1aor act ind 2nd sgyou(sg)-ASK-edJn 4:10
ᾐτήσασθεαἰτέωε·αιτη·σασθε1aor mp ind 2nd plyou(pl)-were-ASK-edActs 3:14
ᾐτήσατεαἰτέωε·αιτη·σατε1aor act ind 2nd plyou(pl)-ASK-edJn 16:24
ᾐτήσατοαἰτέωε·αιτη·σατο1aor mp ind 3rd sghe/she/it-was-ASK-edMt 27:58, Mk 6:25, Mk 15:43, Lk 23:52, Acts 7:46, Acts 9:2
ᾐτοῦντοαἰτέωε·αιτ(ε)·οντοimpf mp ind 3rd plthey-were-being-ASK-edMk 15:6, Lk 23:25, Acts 12:20

Inflections: 41
Total occurrences: 78

Occurrences in the LXX

InflectionLemmaUncontracted Form(s)ParsingTranslation(s)Verse(s)
αἰτεῖαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ει, αιτ(ε)·εpres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sghe/she/it-is-ASK-ing, you(sg)-are-being-ASK-ed (classical), be-you(sg)-ASK-ing!Mi 7:3, DnTh 6:14
αἰτεῖςαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ειςpres act ind 2nd sgyou(sg)-are-ASK-ing1Mc 15:35
αἰτεῖσθεαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·εσθεpres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd plyou(pl)-are-being-ASK-ed, be-you(pl)-being-ASK-ed!Zec 10:1
αἰτεῖταιαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·εταιpres mp ind 3rd sghe/she/it-is-being-ASK-edDt 10:12, Wsd 13:19
αἰτηθεὶςαἰτέωαιτη·θει[ντ]·ςaor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sgupon being-ASK-ed (nom|voc)2Mc 7:10
αἰτῆσαιαἰτέωαιτη·σαι1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sgto-ASK, be-you(sg)-ASK-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-ASK (opt)JgsB 1:14, JgsA 1:14, 1Esd 8:51, 1Mc 3:44, Ps 77:18
αἴτησαιαἰτέωαιτη·σαι1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sgto-ASK, be-you(sg)-ASK-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-ASK (opt)3Kgs 2:20, 3Kgs 2:22, 4Kgs 2:9, 2Chr 1:7, 1Esd 4:42, Ps 2:8, Is 7:11
αἴτησαίαἰτέωαιτη·σαι1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sgto-ASK, be-you(sg)-ASK-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-ASK (opt)3Kgs 3:5, 3Kgs 12:24d
αἰτησάμενοςαἰτέωαιτη·σαμεν·ος1aor mp ptcp mas nom sgupon being-ASK-ed (nom)Est 8:12n
αἰτήσαντεςαἰτέωαιτη·σαντ·ες1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc plupon ASK-ing (nom|voc)1Kgs 12:17, 1Kgs 12:19
αἰτήσασθαιαἰτέωαιτη·σασθαι1aor mp infto-be-ASK-ed4Kgs 2:10, 2Esd 8:22
αἰτησάτωαἰτέωαιτη·σατω1aor act imp 3rd sglet-him/her/it-ASK!Ex 11:2
αἰτήσειαἰτέωαιτη·σειfut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classicalhe/she/it-will-ASK, you(sg)-will-be-ASK-ed (classical)Ex 3:22
αἰτήσῃαἰτέωαιτη·σῃfut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sgyou(sg)-will-be-ASK-ed, he/she/it-should-ASK, you(sg)-should-be-ASK-edEx 22:13, 2Esd 7:21, DnTh 6:8, DnTh 6:13
αἰτήσομαιαἰτέωαιτη·σομαιfut mp ind 1st sgI-will-be-ASK-edJoB 15:18, JgsB 8:24, JgsA 8:24
αἴτησοναἰτέωαιτη·σον, αιτη·σο[υ]ν[τ]1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sgdo-ASK-you(sg)!, going-to-ASK (fut ptcp) (nom|acc|voc, voc)4Kgs 4:3, TbBA 4:19
αἰτήσωαἰτέωαιτη·σωfut act ind 1st sg or 1aor act sub 1st sgI-will-ASK, I-should-ASKIs 7:12
αἰτήσωσιναἰτέωαιτη·σωσι(ν)1aor act sub 3rd plthey-should-ASK2Esd 6:9
αἰτοῦμαιαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ομαιpres mp ind 1st sgI-am-being-ASK-ed2Kgs 3:13, 3Kgs 2:16, 3Kgs 2:20, Ode 12:13, Prv 30:7, Jb 6:25
αἰτοῦμαίαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ομαιpres mp ind 1st sgI-am-being-ASK-edJoB 14:12, 1Esd 4:46
αἰτούμενοιαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ομεν·οιpres mp ptcp mas nom|voc plwhile being-ASK-ed (nom|voc)3Mc 6:37
αἰτοῦνταςαἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·αςpres act ptcp mas acc plwhile ASK-ing (acc)1Kgs 8:10
αἰτοῦσίναἰτέωαιτ(ε)·ουσι(ν), αιτ(ε)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat plthey-are-ASK-ing, while ASK-ing (dat)Is 58:2
ᾔτησααἰτέωε·αιτη·σα1aor act ind 1st sgI-ASK-edJb 6:22
ᾔτησαιαἰτέωῃτη·σαιperf mp ind 2nd sgyou(sg)-have-been-ASK-ed3Kgs 2:22
ᾐτησάμηναἰτέωε·αιτη·σαμην1aor mp ind 1st sgI-was-ASK-ed1Kgs 1:20, 1Kgs 1:27, 4Kgs 4:28, 2Esd 23:6, TbBA 4:2, TbS 4:2, Ps 26:4
ᾔτησαναἰτέωε·αιτη·σαν1aor act ind 3rd plthey-ASK-edEx 12:35, Ps 104:40, Qoh 2:10, Lam 4:4
ᾐτήσαντοαἰτέωε·αιτη·σαντο1aor mp ind 3rd plthey-were-ASK-edWsd 19:11
ᾔτησαςαἰτέωε·αιτη·σας1aor act ind 2nd sgyou(sg)-ASK-ed2Chr 1:11, Ps 39:7
ᾐτήσατοαἰτέωε·αιτη·σατο1aor mp ind 3rd sghe/she/it-was-ASK-edJoB 19:50, JoB 21:42b, JgsA 8:26, 3Kgs 3:10, 3Kgs 10:13, 3Kgs 19:4, 1Chr 4:10, 2Chr 11:23, DnTh 2:49
ᾐτήσατόαἰτέωε·αιτη·σατο1aor mp ind 3rd sghe/she/it-was-ASK-edPs 20:5
ᾔτησεναἰτέωε·αιτη·σε(ν)1aor act ind 3rd sghe/she/it-ASK-edJgsB 5:25, JgsB 8:26, JgsA 5:25, 2Kgs 12:20, 2Chr 9:12, 4Mc 5:14
ᾐτήσωαἰτέωε·αιτη·σω1aor mp ind 2nd sgyou(sg)-were-ASK-edDt 18:16, 1Kgs 1:17, 3Kgs 3:11, 3Kgs 3:13, 2Chr 1:11
ᾐτοῦμεναἰτέωε·αιτ(ε)·ομενimpf act ind 1st plwe-were-ASK-ing1Esd 6:11

Inflections: 34
Total occurrences: 93

αἰτέω to ask (v.)
αἴτημα, -ατος, τό request (n.)
ἀπ+αιτέω to ask [it] back (v.)
ἐξ+αιτέω to beg (v.) ask
ἐπ+αιτέω to beg/ask (v.) beg, ask, or demand
παρ+αιτέομαι to reject (v.) abandon, forgo, give up, quit, relinquish, resign from, leave, beg, ask, decline, deprecate
προσ+αιτέω to beg (v.)

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